Why use Digital Modes for Reports?

A large advantage of using packet radio or internet e-mail for non-severe (residual) data is that many reports can be combined into one message and that message can then be forwarded to the forecast office. This will ultimately clear the voice channels for the urgent traffic. The forecast office operators will provide guidelines during busy events as to what type of information they would like diverted to the digital modes.

Why are Packet submissions preferred to Email?

Packet reports that are forwarded to the forecast office from the field are automatically printed upon receipt. Other than ensuring the received information is forwarded to the meteorologists, in most cases there is no immediate action required of the forecast office operators. The forecast office will attempt to acknowledge receipt of all messages forwarded by packet. However, this will occur after the completion of the event. There may be instances where the forecast office operators will need to follow up on the received information during the event. Immediate follow up if required by the meteorologists will be done on voice if possible.

Where is the Nearest Packet Node for me to use?

Scattered throughout Southern Wisconsin, a linked network of packet stations on 145.61 MHz (no offset, no PL tone) exists to handle these reports. Please click on the map to see a graphical map of these areas. The map will take a few moments to download. When done looking at the map, press the <-- arrow on your web browser to return here.

Link to the GIF packetmap

Packet Mode Procedures

Packet reports follow the same message format as voice reports. Each line should have a complete report containing the time, location, conditions, and source with commas between the information fields. Packet messages to the forecast office are routed using the MSYS message system on the Wisconsin Statewide Packet Network on 145.61 MHz.

To Forward non-severe data via packet:

1) Connect to the closest network node using standard packet commands.

Example: C WIWSH

2) Address the message to WX9MKX using the following command:

S WXBBS@WX9MKX

3) Enter a subject header using the format below:

Weather data, mm/dd/yyyy

4) Prepare each observation using the TLCS format: Separate each observation with a line/carriage return. It is desirable to have a number of individual observations on each message submission; it reduces the number of incoming messages at WFO MKX. Use a comma as the delimiter (marking) to separate the information on each line. Limit each report to 80 characters per line.

Examples:

447PM, 2.5 W Horicon - Dodge Co, 4" to 6" limbs broken from trees, KG9MG

509PM, 2.7 SE Darlington - Lafayette Co, 10" standing water, WD9ABC

515AM, 5.0 W Rockdale - Dane Co, 1/4" measured hail, KB9XYZ

5) Include the followup / contact information for the WFO MKX staff to use if necessary: an email address or a telephone number. Please place this information on a line of it's own.

I can be contacted at either phone (414) 123-4567 or by email at KB9XYZ@arrl.net if any additional information is required.

6) End the report with an "end of message" command

/ex

Email Mode Procedures
Internet e-mail reports follow the same message format as voice and packet reports. Each line should have a complete report containing the time, location conditions and source with commas between the information fields.

NOTE

IF SENDING MESSAGES VIA INTERNET E-MAIL PLEASE HAVE YOUR SOFTWARE SET TO PLAIN TEXT ONLY

(NO HTML FORMATTING.)

1) Address internet email messages to w-mkx.webmaster@noaa.gov

2) Enter a subject header using the format below:

Weather data, mm/dd/yyyy

3) Prepare each observation using the TLCS format: Separate each observation with a line/carriage return. It is desirable to have a number of individual observations on each message submission; it reduces the number of incoming messages at WFO MKX. Use a comma as the delimiter (marking) to separate the information on each line. Limit each report to 80 characters per line.

Examples:

447PM, 2.5 W Horicon - Dodge Co, 4" to 6" limbs broken from trees, KG9MG

509PM, 2.7 SE Darlington - Lafayette Co, 10" standing water, WD9ABC

515AM, 5.0 W Rockdale - Dane Co, 1/4" measured hail, KB9XYZ

4) Include the followup / contact information for the WFO MKX staff to use if necessary: an email address or a telephone number. Please place this information on a line of it's own.

I can be contacted at either phone (414) 123-4567 or by email at KB9XYZ@arrl.net if any additional information is required.